What is the difference between Strategy and Planning?

Extract from Strategy and Planning Descriptor available on the ASK Inyathelo portal 

What is the difference between Strategy and Planning?

Strategy vs Planning


Strategy asks questions around what an organisation aims to do – its objectives, given its context; whereas Planning asks questions about how an organisation intends on achieving those aims.

  -  Strategy is about scanning the horizon, understanding the external environment and then creating relevant responses.

  -  Planning is about mapping out the activities directed towards achieving your objectives; it involves looking at the people – skills and experience, finances, processes, timelines, etc. required to do the work.


On the ASK Inyathelo site, you'll find resources on strategic thinking for complex (and uncertain) environments; material on what strategy entails; and examples of various templates and documentation you can use to inform your plans:

     Using Strategy Tools

    -  Using PEST Analysis

     Using SWOT Analysis

     Strategy and Planning

    -     What to do when a pledge is not coming in